There’s no denying hard numbers. According to most estimates, men outnumber women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. In recent years, there have been concerted efforts to both identify why women are less likely than men to study and pursue STEM subjects and to encourage female interest in STEM fields. Still, in the US women make up just under a quarter of STEM employees while representing nearly half the country’s workforce. And the same applies to countries around the world. In the UK, fewer female STEM graduates go on to work in STEM industries and while more than 40% of British mathematics students are female, only 6% go on to professorships in the field. Even in the Nordic region, where women have impressive parity in the workforce, some female STEM graduates struggle to find job opportunities. And in Asia, only three countries were able to demonstrate equality in the male-to-female ratio of scientific researchers.
Historically, women have been under-represented in the STEM fields, but given the recent efforts made by countries, governments, and educational institutions to rectify the disparities, it seems surprising that women are still so outnumbered in STEM industries. It’s even more surprising when one realizes that STEM fields are prime occupations for female graduates. And here’s why.
Overwhelming support, but little recognition
Governments around the world recognize that the gender gap in STEM fields is no laughing matter. In fact, the lack of women in STEM fields is a major concern for some countries, where women make up a significant part of the workforce, and their absence in STEM fields indicates a pretty hefty loss of revenue. In Scotland, for example, the lack of women in STEM occupations represents more than £150million in income. It’s not surprising then that countries and organizations around the world are working to encourage women to pursue STEM studies and enter the workforce. Mentorship programs are one of the most popular forms of initiatives because many experts believe that women fail to become interested in STEM subjects due to a lack of female role-models in the sector. The Million Women Mentors program (USA) and the National Association of Women Entrepreneurs in Malaysia are just two of many initiatives aimed at bringing women in STEM fields together. Mobility and retention programs, like the Brazil Scientific Mobility Program and the Science in Australia Gender Equality program, also strive to address the challenges women face in STEM studies and careers. Still, women remain marginalized in specific areas of the STEM sector, and when organizations like the American Chemical Society give out awards, men are disproportionately represented.
Women are in high demand, but don’t realize it
But all these initiatives and encouragement are not without some positive results. In fact, there are indications that the future of women in STEM fields is looking brighter. First, STEM student numbers are not nearly as disparate as the workforce. While men still significantly outnumber women in engineering and computer sciences, most of the other STEM sectors show growing equality, and in some areas, like biology, women outnumber men. And employers want to hire female STEM graduates. Most industries now recognize that diversity is important, and in the STEM sector women represent a much-needed demographic. So why are women still outnumbered by men. Some research suggests that the historical lack of women in STEM fields has created a self-fulfilling prophecy, where women fail to apply for or engage with STEM careers because they believe they will not be considered. But new figures indicate otherwise. In at least one study, researchers found that when employers considered an equally qualified male and female candidates, the female candidate was selected nearly 70% of the time. Other statistics show that companies with female leadership have better investment returns and that diversity in the workplace equals greater employee retention rates.
Last autumn, Paris hosted the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 21). The conference, held annually since 1994, marked a united effort by the members to halt climate change. The Paris Agreement will reinforce our commitment to limiting global warming to a maximum of 2°C. COP 22 will take place in Marrakech in 2016.
France has also recently hosted at Versailles in 2014, the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon Competition, hosting 20 teams from 16 countries and 3 continents. France hosts this event again in 2016.
Again in 2014, the 21st Century Club invited over 100 industrial leaders from France and China to Bordeaux to collaborate on Smart Cities. The host countries of 2014, 2015 and 2016 are significant because France and Morocco, French-speaking countries, are particularly committed to creating a carbon-neutral economy, leading the way worldwide, in particular in Europe and North Africa.
France, since 2012 has produced over 90% of all electricity from zero-carbon sources hydroelectricity and wind power, and Morocco pledges to do the same by 2030. Carbon-neutral and green energy are priority in France. Leading the charge are Engineering Schools such as HEI (Hautes Etudes D’Ingénieur). HEI focuses on innovation and specialization based on a core of research and development. HEI graduates have relevant, marketable skills that set them on the path to career success in both traditional and emerging industries.
HEI offers programs at the cutting edge of developing industrial sectors, like Smart Cities and Sustainable Urban Development. A Master’s of Science and Engineering Smart Cities from HEI gives students the necessary skills and experience for careers today and in the future. But what are Smart Cities, and what sorts of professionals will build them?
Smart Cities are interesting to define because they are by nature, unique to the needs and personalities of individual urban spaces. All Smart Cities have a foundation in their citizens, the city’s processes, infrastructures and technology. Many cities around the world are adopting Smart City initiatives. Urbanization has become so prevalent that it has elevated many cities, like Brussels, Seoul, Bogota, and many more, to be even more important than the countries themselves accounting for over 40 percent of the National GDP. Frost & Sullivan identifies a market potential of $1.5 trillion globally for smart cities in Energy, Transportation, Healthcare, Building, Infrastructure, and Governance.
European Smart Cities like Barcelona, Paris, London, Nice, Amsterdam and Stockholm are Smart City precursors using technology and communications for safer, cleaner, and more intuitive urban spaces. Other cities around the world, in Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and in: Korea: Songdo, Seoul, are using Smart City technologies to do everything from monitoring pollution to producing crowd-sourced data models. The Smart Cities Master’s program offered by HEI introduces students to the role of engineering in Smart-City development and gives them the professional skills needed to compete.
Experts predict that major cities like Chicago, Tokyo, London, Hong Kong, and San Francisco will be Smart Cities within the next five years, and France is already a leader in Smart-City development.
France is partner with India to transform cities like Nagpur, Chandigarh, and Puducherry, into Smart Cities. The Smart Cities Mission in India has brought Smart City status to 25 different municipalities, the need is so urgent. Cities like Wuhan and Tianjin in China have joined a massive U.K.-China initiative, pairing with Manchester, Bristol and others. The 21st Century Club initiated a similar program with leaders from France and China in 2014. Engineers with Smart-City expertise are in high demand everywhere around the world, as more and more cities adopt policies aimed at integrating technology and sustainability.
Admit it. The first time you got an email from your school’s alumni association asking for a donation, you were a bit taken aback. After four (or more) years of university, you’ve probably written quite a few checks and may have a considerable amount of student debt. Even if you’ve already secured a graduate position, you probably don’t feel financially ready to start donating.
You may think that alumni donations are for rich, successful people who have had time to accrue high flying jobs, pay off mortgages, and start college funds for their own children. But alumni associations aren’t just charitable organizations. Yes, they rely heavily on the gifts of former students, but they also offer former students a wealth of opportunities. Every alumni association is different, so here are just a few of the many reasons to consider joining yours.
1. Networking opportunities
We’ll start with the obvious reason. One of the main purposes of alumni associations is to support a network of former graduates who will, in turn, help to raise the profile of the university. Just like most other university student organizations, alumni associations aim to bring together like-minded individuals. But unlike sororities, fraternities, and other student organizations, alumni programs are open to all graduates and offer a broader networking scope. If you’re heading to graduation in a couple of months or have just finished your degree, joining your school’s alumni association is a good way to get a foot (or three) in the door. Contact your alumni association to see what sort of networking opportunities they offer. Some school’s host job fairs. Others have mentor programs for graduates that pair outgoing students with alumni in similar career fields. And remember that with alumni associations, quality can definitely trump quantity. In fact, many small, private liberal arts colleges have some of the most active and effective alumni associations.
2. Career building tools
One of the things to remember about alumni associations is that they want you to succeed. Of course, they’re hoping that you’ll use your success to help the association and university, but successful graduates are a university’s best asset. It’s no surprise then that most alumni associations offer a variety of career services. These can be anything from the aforementioned job fairs to things like resume workshops, job postings, and online resources for job-seekers. And most of these services are offered free of charge to alumni members. Remember the mentor programs we mentioned? These can be great tools for building your career or finding ways to maximize your earning potential.
But alumni associations aren’t just about jobs and recruiting new students. When you were a student at your university, you were part of a community that offered all sorts of exciting perks – free concerts, student discounts, poetry readings, art exhibits, library access, sporting events, and numerous other things that made your university unique and dynamic. And university alumni associations understand that even after graduation, many students continue to feel connected to their university, or associate a part of their identity with the institution. That’s why many alumni associations continue to offer former students ways to keep their connection with the university. Many associations host special alumni social events, and others give members free tickets to university sporting events, life-time email services, insurance and banking services, and, of course, discounts. You might expect that alumni would get discounted university merchandise, but alumni associations often offer discounts on other things like hotels, rental cars, restaurants, and other services around the world.
4. Give back
But remember that your university provided you with numerous educational opportunities and that your alumni association isn’t just about discounts and job offers. Whether you know it or not, your school’s alumni association was probably instrumental in your success, and while most universities hope that their students’ successes post-graduation will promote the school’s reputation and encourage others to consider matriculation, one of the main purposes of alumni associations is to recruit new students. Plus, alumni associations are great resources for incoming students – many award scholarships (funded by donations from alumni) and the strength of a school’s alumni association can be a deciding factor for incoming students. And alumni associations aren’t just for domestic students. Many universities with aspiring international programs depend on their alumni to spread the word, and alumni recommendations carry a lot of weight with prospective students. So whether you sign up for membership, send a generous donation, or offer to serve as a mentor, there are many ways that your alumni association will help you help your school.
So, if you’re looking for a way to maximize the potential of your degree and give back to your university at the same time (while maintaining access to that all-important Home v. Rival football
If you’ve decided to get your MBA, congratulations. You’ve made a smart choice. These days a bachelor’s degree doesn’t go as far as it used to. Employers are looking for candidates with advanced degrees, and an MBA is one of the most versatile. It can open a lot of doors for you.
An MBA program takes about two years to complete if you chose to be a full-time student, and a bit longer if you go part-time. If you’re already in the workforce, the best option is an online program. These programs allow you to fit school around your schedule and work at your own pace. You’ll log into a special portal on the school’s website to attend lectures, chat with your classmates, and turn in assignments. If you decide to go this route, make sure you have a computer with a webcam and at least 4GB of RAM, and a microphone. You’ll also need a high speed internet connection. https://onlinemba.ku.edu/ is a good program to start with.
Once you register for your program, you’ll want to decide what to specialize in. There are a lot of options, including Finance, International Business, Marketing, Accounting and Entrepreneurship. Some schools also offer specializations in IT, Management, Non-Profit, Healthcare Management and Media. Choose your specialization carefully. You want to choose something you truly love and can excel in. To help you decide, the specialization should be one that will allow you to use your personal strengths and help you attain your career goals. If you’re not sure what those are, schedule an appointment with a career counselor or coach to help you pinpoint them.
Most schools offer financial aid, and if you’re already employed, see if your employer offers tuition reimbursement or assistance. Try not to take out much in student loans if you can help it. These days a lot of schools offer payment plans that can really help make getting your degree affordable.
If you chose a program that requires you to attend classes in person in the evenings or weekends, let your boss know. They’ll probably be glad to not give you overtime on school nights or otherwise help you succeed. Once you’ve completed your degree, hopefully they will also reward you with a promotion or raise. If you’re not employed, add your new degree to your resume and start applying. You’re guaranteed to get more attention now!
With all of the competition around in the arena of organization, you will need to find a means to set their company aside from others. There are a variety of numerous advertising models around which can help a business person get the attention they’re trying to find. Getting a wonderful small business website design is vital. To obtain the right internet site set up, below are a few of what an entrepreneur will have to do.
Choosing the best Experts
The most important thing an entrepreneur must do when attemping to have a website in place is to use the right specialists to enable them to away. Usually, there’ll be many different web designers from which to choose in an area. Taking the time to understand what sort of encounter and document an enterprise possesses could be the best way to be sure the proper hire is done. Generally, an online design skilled can present a business owner a new collection from the function they’ve got carried out in yesteryear. Receiving a understand this effort is a powerful way to determine what an organization can perform before hiring these.
Pinpoint the Model
After the appropriate web design business is in position, a person will need to take enough time to concentrate on the style they really want. A business owner will have to be sure that their particular brand name is represented. The internet style specialists employed could have not a problem marketing a website and having a businessman just what they want.
Any time that’s spent finding the right internet marketing services will be worth is the place a business owner can get a healthy looking web page.
Businesses have to be concerned with their track record, irrespective of how large or small they might be. It is necessary for a business owner to keep close track of the reviews for their own company in order to see what consumers are stating about them, and also just what potential clients might be reading concerning them. Nonetheless, this isn’t always easy to do.
A business proprietor will almost certainly need a method to look into the reviews frequently so they’ll know as soon as something will be posted. This provides them with the opportunity to reply to it correctly as well as help their own reputation. This, even so, is actually time intensive, and that’s why they’re going to choose a service such as chatmeter. The service is in the position to examine all of the review web pages for them often to be able to make certain they spot any kind of new reviews when they are posted. After that, the service is going to notify the company owner so the review might be read as well as responded to if necessary.
This makes it much simpler for a business proprietor to keep on top of what exactly is being mentioned with regards to their organization so they can make certain they’re going to have a wonderful reputation online. In order to learn more, a small business owner can desire to browse the Chatmeter platform and also exactly how it may help them right now.
Newborns which might be breast fed have got a lower number of allergic reactions, much less newborn colic, a lot fewer ear infections (and, in reality, a lower number of illnesses all round) and even tend to have increased IQs than formula fed babies. Exclusive baby nursing causes it to be a hardship on loved ones to have the chance to feed the newborn, though, and also can make it tougher for a mother to go back to work. Fortunately, the supply of excellent breast pumps tends to make it easy for mom to be able to keep added milk inside the freezer to be used down the road. She may send this particular milk along with her child towards the day care company, or even it could be helpful to enable grandparents, brothers and sisters as well as the baby’s dad the particular opportunity associated with feeding the baby.
For the lady who will have selected this particular path, the issue swiftly becomes one involving determining from the breast pump reviews which is best for you? Without a doubt, associated with the Best breast pump reviews which is right for you? is actually a subject really worth inquiring. You can find electric and even hands-on pumps offered. Manual pumps are easier to take on the go, however electric pumps are equipped for pumping both breasts at the same time and tend to be very effective. Investigate the accessible reviews and you will be very well qualified to pick the best breast pump with regard to your current situations!
Viewing a child get bigger is usually one of probably the most satisfying encounters in everyday life. Nonetheless, if a father or mother has a reason to believe there could be a concern with the way their particular little one’s advancement, that can be really stressful. The very first thing just about any mother or father ought to do if they suspect there exists a difficulty is speak to their pediatrician. The pediatrician might compare the kid to some criteria with regard to their age range. Due to the fact just about all young children develop at diverse levels, it can be entirely possible to be able to have many kids the exact same years at completely different developmental levels. The doctor may send your child to a professional to get an evaluation and then to obtain Remote speech therapy when they need help. This kind of therapy could detect in addition to to assist in strengthening weak points so youngsters can easily get the skills they require to communicate efficiently together with additional youngsters along with parents and teachers. By starting up speech therapy early, small children that could possibly have some obstacles will work to beat them therefore they are able to succeed in education. Using a specialist that uses Online speech pathology offers mothers and fathers a lot more options. Treatment can happen away from typical office hours and in the ease and comfort of the child’s household atmosphere. It can be necessary for most moms and dads to talk to their young children to assist them to improve their interaction competencies.
We all know by now that the internet is full of tricks and traps – rich princes, dead uncles, magic pills, and prizes for the millionth visitor are all just gimmicks aimed at emptying our pockets and stealing our identities. But for recent graduates, who often send out dozens, if not hundreds, of job applications using internet sites and applications, it can be difficult to tell the pros from the cons. Scammers are getting more sophisticated by the day, and recent graduates seeking jobs are targets, so here are some rules to follow as you go out into the wild world of job searches.
1. Don’t part with your money or identity
The first rule of thumb for avoiding job scams is that no legitimate organization will every ask you to pay up front for anything. Whether it’s selling knives (they promise you’ll earn back the price of the demo set in a week!) to overseas jobs with six-digit salaries (just send money to cover the visa processing fee), if a job or company wants you to pay before you’ve met in person or read and signed the contract, you should be suspicious. Don’t arrange to send (or receive) money, don’t give out personal information like your social security number or passport details, and don’t agree to send on goods or currency. These are all major red-flags and should tell you that something is not right.
2. Google EVERYTHING
That’s why you should Google everything, even offers that seem legitimate. Scammers are getting craftier, and many schemes go to extreme measures to look real. Some even use the names or logos of actual companies and firms, but a quick search should reveal the more prominent scams. Visit the website of the legitimate company, check LinkdIn for the recruiter, and Google the email address. You’ll discover the frauds in no time, and if the job is legitimate, you’ll have acquired some good background for the interview. Speaking of websites and emails, remember that real job offers will come from corporate email accounts, not Hotmail or Yahoo accounts, and legitimate corporations will have a solid online footprint.
3. Pick good sources
Remember when you were writing research papers and your professors stressed that it was important to pick good internet sources? Well, the same goes for job searches. If you’re getting desperate to find a job, it might be tempting to reply to that sketchy offer from craigslist, but it’s a better idea to stick with trusted job-seeking sources like LinkdIn, Milkround, Monster, and other well-known sites. Remember that it’s a good sign if the job is listed on multiple sites.
4. Follow the news
Scammers can target anyone, anywhere, but there are areas and populations that are more frequently targeted than others. International students can find themselves victims of scams because they’re more likely to be looking for jobs abroad or remote employment opportunities, and companies in countries that are popular with international job-seekers may be used more frequently as covers to target graduates. If you’re living abroad and looking for a job, keep up-to-date on the news – news organizations are quick to pick up on active scams and will inform the public. If you live in or are seeking a job in an area that has a high rate of scam job schemes, be extra cautious when applying for jobs or responding to offers.
5. It can be too good to be true
In the end, remember that if it seems too good to be true, it’s probably a scam. Maybe it’s an unsolicited job offer, a job-listing with an outrageous salary offer, a work-from-home position that promises riches, or a highly-skilled position that requires no experience, but if it seems improbable, do a little research. Graduates are rarely contacted if they’ve not applied for a position, and while the internet and global economy are making freelance and remote jobs more lucrative and possible, they’re never ‘easy-money.’ And if you’re still unsure, simply contact the company directly. If it’s a hoax, you’ll suss it out immediately, and if it’s real, you’ll have shown some impressive initiative.
When you first started planning your study abroad experience, you probably worried about language barriers, culture shock, new customs and foods, making friends, and getting lost. But now that you’ve been abroad for weeks, months, or years, you might wonder at all the fuss. Things that were foreign and stressful have now become familiar and routine, and you finally feel at home in your host country…just in time to pack your bags and return to your real home. Typical. Hopefully you’ve had such an amazing time abroad that the prospect of returning to your ‘real’ life in your home country makes you just a bit apprehensive. Don’t worry – most international students and ex-pats struggle a bit on the return home. But if you give yourself time to readjust and keep some simple rules in mind, you’ll find the transition a lot easier.
1. Beware of ‘reverse-culture shock’
When you prepared to study abroad, you were probably warned that you would face some form of culture shock upon arrival, and now you have all sorts of stories about the ways in which your host-country caught you off guard. The thing is, the same can happen when you return home. Whether it’s differences in food (or portion sizes), the way people behave, or the way things are done, there are many things about your home country that you may have forgotten or never noticed before, but which will now seem alien and possibly ridiculous after your time away. Try to keep this in perspective. Yes, monster-sized convenience meals could seem wasteful and unappetizing after months of Vietnamese street food, or you might find it difficult to transition back to a nine-to-five work day from the siesta culture of Italy. But if you can view your home country the way you did your host country and try to understand the ‘why’ of things, you’ll find the transition a lot easier. Just remember that it takes time, so don’t expect to be back to your ‘normal’ self hours after going through customs, and don’t be surprised if you feel a bit out of place.
2. Understand that no one will fully understand
If you tried to explain to a local in your host country what you found so strange or surprising about their culture, they may have been sympathetic but probably didn’t fully understand. The same will be true on the return home. Your friends and family may be interested to hear about your adventures, but unless they were there with you, they won’t fully understand everything that was new, amazing, frustrating, and exhilarating about studying and living abroad. Realize that this is okay, and be patient and courteous. Don’t inundate your family and friends with all the details of life overseas. Answer questions that are asked, but understand that most people just want to hear that you had a great time, ate some amazing new foods, and saw that one really famous landmark. And as much as you might want to sit and deconstruct the differences between your home and host countries, realize that for many people back home your new enthusiasm for bullet trains, socialized medicine, or flexible time-keeping may come across as overly critical or disloyal.
3. Keep in touch while abroad
One way to avoid the inevitable information dump once your return home is to maintain regular contact while abroad. While this can be difficult depending on time zones, logistics, and technology, it will help to continue relationships with your friends and family back home. You don’t have to call or text multiple times per day, but try to keep your loved ones in the loop while you’re away – arrange to call or email regularly, and don’t monopolize your communication or correspondence with news from abroad. Homecoming football games and family birthdays may seem boring when you’re trekking through the Australian outback or learning Korean, but news from home will help you keep a sense of continuity, and will show the people back home that you may be having the time of your life abroad, but you still care about home. Even better, keep a blog or photo-journal while your away and share it with all your friends and family. They’ll be able to keep track of your adventures on their own time, and you won’t feel the need to inundate everyone with a full run-down of your life overseas once you return. Plus, you can keep the blog going so that your new friends abroad can hear about life back home.
4. Prepare for and embrace change
Keeping in touch with friends and family back home is essential to a smooth transition, but it’s inevitable that you will miss out on major and minor things while you’re gone. Still, many returning study abroad students express a paradoxical sense that home is both very much the same and very different. Of course, life went on while you were away and you need to anticipate that your friends and family will have changed and moved on without you. But you’ve changed as well, as has your relationship with everything that was once familiar. Don’t be afraid of the change, but don’t feel that you need to revert to your old self. Your travels will have changed the way you see the world, and that’s a good thing.